Things that remove a person’s self-esteem or self-worth or make that person feel threatened. Removing ‘feeling good’ and safety.
It might be something serious or minor, one-time or repeated. A bystander has a choice of whether or not to intervene in some way. An active bystander intervenes and takes steps that can make a difference and create change.
Someone who was assigned male at birth and identifies as a man could use the term “cis man”, “cisgender man”, or “man” to describe themself. Someone who was assigned female at birth and identifies as a woman could use the term “cis woman”, “cisgender woman”, or “woman” to describe themself. “Cis” is a Latin prefix meaning “on the same side of” and is useful in naming one’s position of power and privilege.
Consent is an informed, voluntary, and mutual decision that people feel good about.
Consent is something you can practice everyday. It’s the foundation for all positive relationships and interactions, sexual or not.
The abusive behaviours exist within a context where the purpose is to gain and maintain power and control.
The abusive behaviours exist within a context where the purpose is to gain power and control.
It’s a person’s sense of being a woman, a man, both, neither, or anywhere along the gender spectrum. A person’s gender identity may be the same as or different from their birth-assigned sex.
A gender diverse person may use the words non-binary, gender variant, gender non-conforming, gender creative, genderqueer, agender, multigender, pangender, trans, demigender, or other self-determined terms to describe their gender(s).
Also referred to as “gender presentation.”
Gender-based violence includes violence against women and girls, as well as violence against LGBTQ2S (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, and two-spirited) and gender-nonconforming people. Gender-based violence is used to enforce binary understandings of gender (men/women) that fail to recognize the diversity of genders and perpetuate gender hierarchies that maintain unequal power relations.
Genderqueer people may express a combination of masculinity and femininity, or neither, in their gender expression.
Gender expression is how a person publicly expresses or presents their gender. This can include behaviour and outward appearance such as dress, hair, make-up, body language and voice. A person’s chosen name and pronoun are also common ways of expressing gender. Others perceive a person’s gender through these attributes.
Gender non-conforming individuals do not follow gender stereotypes based on the sex they were assigned at birth and may or may not identify as trans.
Most people will experience some privilege based on certain elements of their identity, and be marginalized based on other elements of their identity. For example, although they have a shared experience of being gay, intersectionality tells us that a gay black man who grew up in poverty will have a very different experience of the world than a white gay man who uses a wheelchair, and that each of these people experiences a different set of privileges and oppressions.
In our colonial cultural context, the gender of a person (i.e. “boy” or “girl”, “man” or “woman”) and the associated behaviours and expectations for those genders is often assumed and socially enforced based on our perception of their sex assigned at birth.
Examples of descriptors for sexual orientations include “queer,” “lesbian,” “gay,” “bisexual,” “heterosexual” or “straight,” “asexual,” and “pansexual,” among others. LGBT2SQIA+: an abbreviation that refers to the lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender/transexual, two-spirit, queer, intersex, agender/asexual community. The + symbol acknowledges that there are many more genders, sexes, and orientations beyond those captured in the acronym.
While each of these types of violence may look different, they all involve an attack on a person’s sense of self, their sexuality, their body and/or their feeling of safety. It can happen to anyone of any gender and of any sexual orientation.
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Someone who is assigned male at birth and identifies as a woman/feminine-of-centre may use the terms “trans woman”, “transgender woman”, “transfeminine”, “MtF”, “woman”, or other options to describe themself. Someone who is assigned female at birth and identifies as man/masculine-of-centre may use the terms “trans man”, “transgender man”, “transmasculine”, “FtM”, “man”, or other options to describe themself. Trans people may also identify outside of the gender binary. “Trans” is a Latin prefix meaning “on the ‘opposite’ side of”, “between”, or “beyond.”
Transition may also include changes in presentation, pronouns, name, and gender markers. Trans identities and experiences are valid and complete regardless of what steps (if any) are taken to ‘transition.’
Through the residential school system, colonialism violently erased these roles and the language that described them by enforcing a Western European patriarchal gender binary. Today the term “two spirit” or “two-spirited”, which describes the presence of both a masculine and feminine spirit in one person, is used by some Indigenous people to identify their queer sexual orientation, transgender/non-binary identity, and/or intersex status.
The term “two spirit” allows the Indigenous person to speak to their experience in the context of their cultural identity, and to resist the colonial definitions of gender and sexuality.
Includes financial abuse, isolation [friends/family/kids], sexual abuse, physical abuse, emotional & psychological abuse.